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The Misión Museum is a replica based on the 1944 University of New Mexico excavations of the original church built by the Spanish at the San Gabriel settlement in 1598. It contains original artwork that portrays both the ancient history and modern establishment of the Española Valley.

The art is in the form of traditional church decoration from the past four centuries: altars with reredos (altar screens), freestanding reredos, areñas (wooden candleholders suspended by ropes from the ceiling), bancos (seats), and wooden communion rails, all constructed in the Spanish Colonial design. These outstanding examples of woodwork, tinwork, colcha embroidery, and painting were all produced by local artists.

On the western interior wall hang fourteen coats-of-arms, representing the 14 Spanish surnamed settlers who came to the Española Valley in 1598 with Juan de Oñate, their descendents living in the area even today.

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